Partners in BIOFMET

This project brings together seven of the leading national metrology institutes (NMI) and designated institutes (DI) working in this field and having broad experience and expertise in physical and chemical metrology (DTI, PTB, CETIAT, TUBITAK, CMI, IMBiH, BRML). Two renowned universities (IST, CTU) participate, one specialist in photonics, electromagnetism, signal and image processing (AMU) and two biomass industrial partners (VERDO, PROMETEC).

Danish Technological Institute (DTI), a Danish DI, contributes with laboratory facilities for dealing with different types of biomass and can pre-treat, process, test and investigate the biomass composition (ash content and melting behaviour, water content, bulk density, calorific value and particle size). DTI participated in the EMRP SIB64 METefnet project where they developed a primary standard for moisture in solid materials that will be used in this project. DTI participates actively in standardisation work.

DTI is the project coordinator and will be involved in all WPs.


Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), the NMI of the Germany, researches properties of liquids (density, viscosity), calorimetry and combustion chemistry. Recent research has focused on thermophysical as well as combustion properties of biofuels. PTB participated in EMRP ENG09 Metrology for biofuels and was involved in the determination of calorific values of liquid biofuels by bomb calorimetry. The expertise/knowledge obtained in this research field as well as the equipment can be directly used in this project.

PTB leads WP1 (Underpinning metrology) and participates in the measurements of calorific values of liquid and solid biofuels as well as the development of reference materials.


Centre Technique des Industries Aérauliques et Thermique (CETIAT), a French DI, participated in the EMRP SIB64 METefnet project where a travelling standard instrument, based on micro-waves and radio-frequencies principle, was developed. Loss on Drying, moisture balance, Thermo-Coulometric Water Content Measurement and Coulometric Karl Fischer have been implemented as primary standards technique. These facilities will be used and improved in this project.

CETIAT leads WP2 (Development of online traceability) and will work close together with AMU developing a new transfer standard for moisture.



Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştirma Kurumu (TUBITAK), the NMI of Turkey, develops among other methods chemical measurements and produces and certifies reference materials (ISO 17034 accredited). TUBITAK has facilities for reference material processing and preserving facilities and makes a broad range of facilities available to this project (coulometric Karl Fischer, calorimeters, ion chromatography, NMR and several spectroscopic instruments). TUBITAK contributes with experience and facilities for production of reference materials and of analytical reference method development.



Český Metrologický Institut (CMI), the NMI of Czech Republic, contributes to this project with expertise in humidity and temperature metrology. CMI will focus on the development of an acoustic device for moisture measurement in solid materials. The research will be undertaken in cooperation with CTU.

CMI leads WP3 (Industrial validation).


Institut za Mjeriteljstvo Bosne i Hercegovine (IMBiH), the NMI of Bosnia and Herzegovina, covers most metrological fields and acts as proficiency tests provider. IMBiH contributes with the capabilities of its laboratory for chemistry disposing of versatile instrumentation including MW-AES. WD and ED XRF, GCs.

In this project, IMBiH mainly contributes to WP2 but plays a role in all WPs.


Biroul Român de Metrologie Legală (BRML), the NMI of Romania, can characterise measuring instruments such as calorimeters, hygrometers and chromatographs used for biofuels measurements and has experience from comparisons on calorimetric measurement standards.

BRML will contribute to all WP in this project but with focus on impurities and reference materials.



Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) is the largest school of Architecture, Engineering, Science and Technology in Portugal. The Combustion Laboratory works on fundamental research in combustion: investigation on particle ignition, combustion kinetics and fragmentation, and ash behaviour of biomass fuels; investigation on co-combustion of coal with biomass; investigation on flameless oxidation and oxy-fuel combustion phenomena; study of biomass gasification and pyrolysis processes – knowledge and facilities that will be used in this project.

IST is the leader of WP4 (Creating impact) and is involved in all WPs.



České Vysoké Učení Technické v Praze (CTU) is one of the biggest and oldest technical universities in Europe. CTU will contribute to this project with their large experience of topics related to electroacoustics and acoustics. In this project, theoretical studies of acoustic waves will be conducted and implemented in the transfer standard developed together with CMI. The main contribution of CTU will be in WP2.


Institut Fresnel is a research unit of Université d'Aix-Marseille (AMU) and operates within four fields: electromagnetism and metamaterials, nanophotonics and optical components, information processing and random waves and advanced imaging and life sciences. This research unit is experienced with the conception, development, implementation and exploitation of various instruments in the microwave radiofrequency range. AMU will work with CETIAT to develop and validate a transfer standard for moisture and other impurities.


Verdo Produktion A/S is an international leading trader and supplier of biomass to the largest utilities and their CHP plants. Verdo owns and operates a biomass-fired CHP plant in Denmark, with two biomass-fired boilers of 95 MW each and a turbine of 52 MW.

Verdo will participate in WP3 where these facilities will be used as a test platform.


Prometec Tools Oy is a Finnish SME that will contribute to this project with expertise in biomass quality controlling and sampling. PROMETEC’s Q-Robot, an automated sampling device allowing sampling from trucks or piles of solid biofuels will be provided for this project to investigate the effect of automatic sampling with the goal of eliminating or minimising the error in taking samples from biomass feedstock.

PROMETEC is mainly involved in WP2 and WP3.